Human Opprtunistic Pathogen (HOP)  Library 

GMGC(Gifu Ubiversity, Genetic information Genetic Resorce  Center of Human Pathogens)  collects  information on human and animal pathogenic microorganisms, especillay focussed on human opprtunistic pathogens(HOP).   Every year, many bacterial and fungal pathogens are described and new opprtunistic pathogens are reported. It is practically impossible to collect all HOP reports by our self,  in the world. Through this  site, we decided to collect such HOP reports to nominate them  as emerging new human and animal HOP.  After receiving information, we accumulate information as a new candidate and the numbers reaches to certain amount(usually more than 5 clinical cases) , we cite the information as a new HOP member. We need international cooperation to grow this site as an information source of human and animal opportunistic pathogens. Wel also offer distribution service of the HOP strains under the support of government NBRP( National Bioresource Project of Ministry of education,Sport, Scient, and culture of Japan).


HOP References

Species 2010 version HOP reference
Abiotrophia   balaenopterae BSL1*
Abiotrophia   defectiva BSL1*
Acetivibrio ethanolgignens BSL1*
Acholeplasma   laidlawii BSL1*
Achromobacter   piechaudii BSL1*
Achromobacter   xylosoxidans  xylosoxidans BSL1*
Acidaminococcus   fermentans BSL1*
Acinetobacter   baumannii BSL1*
Acinetobacter calcoaceticus BSL1*
Acinetobacter   haemolyticus BSL1*
Acinetobacter   johnsonii BSL1*
Acinetobacter   junii BSL1*
Acinetobacter   lwoffii BSL1*
Acinetobacter radioresistens BSL1* Visca   P. etal, Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Nov-Dec;7(6):1032-5 (Community-acquired   Acinetobacter radioresistens bacteremia in an HIV-positive patient.)
Actinobacillus   delphinicola BSL1*
Actinobacillus   hominis BSL1*
Actinobacillus   muris BSL1* Boot   R. etal. Lab Anim. 2006 Apr;40(2):194-9. (Evaluation of antigen panels for   ELISA monitoring of mouse colonies for antibodies to Pasteurellaceae.)
Actinobacillus   rossii BSL1*
Actinobacillus   scotiae BSL1*
Actinobacillus   seminis BSL1*
Actinobaculum   schaalii BSL1*
Actinobaculum   suis BSL1 
Actinobaculum   urinale BSL1*
Actinomyces   bowdenii BSL1*
Actinomyces   canis BSL1*
Actinomyces   cardiffensis BSL1*
Actinomyces   hordeovulneris BSL1*
Actinomyces   hyovaginalis BSL1*
Actinomyces   marimammalium BSL1*
Actinomyces   suimastitidis BSL1*
Aegyptianella   pullorum BSL1*
Aerococcus   urinae BSL1*
Aerococcus   viridans BSL1*
Aeromonas   allosaccharophila BSL1*
Aeromonas   caviae BSL1*
Aeromonas   punctata BSL1*
Aeromonas   punctata  caviae BSL1*
Aeromonas   punctata  punctata BSL1*
Aeromonas   schubertii BSL1*
Aeromonas   trota BSL1*
Afipia   broomeae BSL1*
Afipia   clevelandensis BSL1*
Afipia   felis BSL1*
Arcanobacterium   phocae BSL1*
Arcobacter   butzleri BSL1*
Arcobacter   cryaerophilus BSL1* Wesley   IV,  Infect Immun. 1996   Jun;64(6):2295-9 (Infection of cesarean-derived colostrum-deprived 1-day-old   piglets with Arcobacter butzleri, Arcobacter cryaerophilus, and Arcobacter   skirrowii.)
Arthrobacter   albus BSL1*
Arthrobacter   cumminsii BSL1*
Arthrobacter   luteolus BSL1*
Arthrobacter   woluwensis BSL1*
Atopobium   minutum BSL1*
Atopobium   parvulum BSL1* Kazor   CE, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Feb;41(2):558-63.(Diversity of bacterial   populations on the tongue dorsa of patients with halitosis and healthy   patients.)
Atopobium   rimae BSL1*
Aureobacterium   resistens BSL1*
Bacillus   larvae BSL1
Bacillus   weihenstephanensis BSL1*
Bacterionema   matruchotii BSL1*
Bacteroides   asaccharolyticus BSL1*
Bacteroides   bivius BSL1*
Bacteroides   buccae BSL1*
Bacteroides   buccalis BSL1*
Bacteroides   caccae BSL1* White   JE, et al. South Med J. 1997 Jan;90(1):23-9. (Inflammatory pseudotumor of the   liver associated with extrahepatic infection.)
Bacteroides   capillosus BSL1* Muller-Mattheis   VG, et al. J Urol. 1991 Sep;146(3):733-6.    (Bacteremia during extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy of renal   calculi.)
Bacteroides   capillus BSL1*
Bacteroides   coagulans BSL1* Ponomareva   AG, et al. Antibiot Khimioter. 1991 Oct;36(10):44-6.(Effects of antibiotics   and anti-bacterial components of preparations for local treatment of   suppurative wounds on pathogens of odonto- genic infections)
Bacteroides   corporis BSL1*
Bacteroides   denticola BSL1*
Bacteroides   disiens BSL1*
Bacteroides   distasonis BSL1* Brook   I. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1989 Sep-Oct;19(5):360-76.(Pathogenicity of the   Bacteroides fragilis group.)
Bacteroides   eggerthii BSL1*
Bacteroides   forsythus BSL1* Yoneda   M, et al.  J Periodontal Res. 2001   Aug;36(4):237-43. (Mixed infection of Porphyromonas gingivalis and   Bacteroides forsythus in a murine abscess model: involvement of gingipains in   a synergistic effect.)
Bacteroides   furcosus BSL1*
Bacteroides   gingivalis BSL1*
Bacteroides   gracilis BSL1*
Bacteroides   intermedius BSL1*
Bacteroides   levii BSL1*
Bacteroides   loescheii BSL1*
Bacteroides   melaninogenicus BSL1*
Bacteroides   melaninogenicus  intermedius BSL1*
Bacteroides   melaninogenicus  macacae BSL1*
Bacteroides   melaninogenicus  melaninogenicus BSL1*
Bacteroides   multiacidus BSL1*
Bacteroides   ochraceus BSL1*
Bacteroides   oralis BSL1*
Bacteroides   oris BSL1*
Bacteroides   ovatus BSL1* Puljiz   I, et al. Acta Med Croatica. 2004;58(4):341-5. (Polymicrobial sepsis and   perityphlic abscess: case report and review of literature)
Bacteroides   pentosaceus BSL1*
Bacteroides   pneumosintes BSL1*
Bacteroides   praeacutus BSL1*
Bacteroides   putredinis BSL1*
Bacteroides   ruminicola BSL1*
Bacteroides   ruminicola  brevis BSL1*
Bacteroides   ruminicola  ruminicola BSL1*
Bacteroides   splanchnicus BSL1* Labbe   M, et al. Zentralbl Bakteriol [Orig A]. 1977 Jun;238(2):251-4   (Pelviperitonitis and bacteremia due to Bacteroides splanchnicus. Report of a   case.)
Bacteroides   thetaiotaomicron BSL1* Brook   I. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1989 Sep-Oct;19(5):360-76.(Pathogenicity of the   Bacteroides fragilis group)
Bacteroides   uniformis BSL1* Brook   I. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 1989 Sep-Oct;19(5):360-76.(Pathogenicity of the   Bacteroides fragilis group)
Bacteroides   ureolyticus BSL1* Phillips   I, et al. Rev Infect Dis. 1988 Jan-Feb;10 Suppl 1:S70-6.(Comparative activity   of the 4-quinolones.)
Balneatrix   alpica BSL1* Dauga   C, et al. Res Microbiol. 1993 Jan;144(1):35-46. (Balneatrix alpica gen. nov.,   sp. nov., a bacterium associated with pneumonia and meningitis in a spa   therapy center.)
Bartonella   peromysci BSL1*
Bartonella   talpae BSL1*
Bergeyella   zoohelcum BSL1* Kivinen   PK, et al. Acta Derm Venereol. 2003;83(1):74-5. (Bergeyella zoohelcum   septicaemia of a patient suffering from severe skin infection.)
Bifidobacterium   dentium BSL1* Civen   R, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 1993 Jun;16 Suppl 4:S299-303. (Peritonsillar   abscess, retropharyngeal abscess, mediastinitis, and nonclostridial anaerobic   myonecrosis: a case report.)
Bilophila   wadsworthia BSL1*
Bordetella   hinzii BSL1 Funke   G, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1996   Apr;34(4):966-9. (Characteristics of Bordetella hinzii strains isolated from   a cystic fibrosis patient over a 3-year period.)
Bordetella   trematum BSL1* Daxboeck   F. et al. Diabet Med. 2004 Nov;21(11):1247-8. (Isolation of Bordetella   trematum from a diabetic leg ulcer.)
Brachyspira   aalborgi BSL1* Mikosza   AS, et al. Anim Health Res Rev. 2001 Jun;2(1):101-10. (Human intestinal   spirochetosis: Brachyspira aalborgi and/or Brachyspira pilosicoli?)
Brachyspira   intermedia BSL1* Phillips   ND, et al. Avian Pathol. 2004 Dec;33(6):586-90.(The wheat variety used in the   diet of laying hens influences colonization with the intestinal spirochaete   Brachyspira intermedia.)
Branhamella   ovis BSL1*
Brevibacterium   mcbrellneri BSL1* Lee   SD. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2006 Aug;56(Pt 8):1889-92. (Brevibacterium   samyangense sp. nov., an actinomycete isolated from a beach sediment.)
Brevibacterium   otitidis BSL1*
Brevibacterium   paucivorans BSL1*
Brevibacterium   sanguinis BSL1*
Brevinema   andersonii BSL1 Defosse   DL, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995 Jan;45(1):78-84. (Brevinema andersonii   gen. nov., sp. nov., an infectious spirochete isolated from the short-tailed   shrew (Blarina brevicauda) and the white-footed mouse (Peromyscus leucopus).)
Brevundimonas   diminuta BSL1* Han   XY, et al.  J Antimicrob Chemother.   2005 Jun;55(6):853-9. Epub 2005 May 9. (Brevundimonas diminuta infections and   its resistance to fluoroquinolones)
Bulleidia   extructa BSL1*
Burkholderia   cenocepacia BSL1*
Burkholderia   dolosa BSL1*
Burkholderia   gladioli BSL1*
Burkholderia   multivorans BSL1*
Burkholderia   stabilis BSL1*
Burkholderia   vietnamiensis BSL1*
Campylobacter   concisus BSL1*
Campylobacter   curvus BSL1*
Campylobacter   gracilis BSL1*
Campylobacter   hyointestinalis BSL1* Sasaki   Y, et al. J Vet Med Sci. 2003 Jan;65(1):129-31. (Characterization of   Campylobacter lanienae from pig feces.)
Campylobacter   hyointestinalis  hyointestinalis BSL1* Sasaki   Y, et al. J Vet Med Sci. 2003 Jan;65(1):129-31. (Characterization of   Campylobacter lanienae from pig feces.)
Campylobacter   hyointestinalis  lawsonii BSL1 On   SL, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995 Oct;45(4):767-74. (Campylobacter   hyointestinalis subsp. lawsonii subsp. nov., isolated from the porcine   stomach, and an emended description of Campylobacter hyointestinalis.)
Campylobacter   lari BSL1*
Campylobacter   lari  concheus BSL1*
Campylobacter   lari  lari BSL1*
Campylobacter   mucosalis BSL1* Soderstrom   C, et al. Scand J Infect Dis. 1991;23(3):369-71. (Septicaemia caused by   unusual Campylobacter species (C. laridis and C. mucosalis).)
Campylobacter   rectus BSL1* Scully   C, et al. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 1999 Jun;13(6):369-74. (Periodontopathic   bacteria in English HIV-seropositive persons.)
Campylobacter   sputorum BSL1*
Campylobacter   sputorum  bubulus BSL1* de   Vries W, et al. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 1984;50(1):63-73. (Localization of   hydrogenase and nitrate reductase in Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus.)
Campylobacter   sputorum  mucosalis BSL1*
Campylobacter   sputorum  sputorum BSL1*
Campylobacter   upsaliensis BSL1* Roberts   L. et al. Res Vet Sci. 1980 Mar;28(2):145-7. (The experimental infection of   neonatal pigs with Campylobacter sputorum subspecies mucosalis.)
Cardiobacterium   valvarum BSL1*
Carnobacterium   mobile BSL1* Siqueira   JF Jr, et al. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod. 2006   Aug;102(2):259-64. Epub 2006 Apr 21.(Catonella morbi and Granulicatella   adiacens: new species in endodontic infections.)
Cedecea   davisae BSL1* Perkins   SR, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1986 Oct;24(4):675-6.(Cedecea davisae   bacteremia.)
Cedecea   lapagei BSL1* Bouvet   OM et al. Bouvet OM (Extracellular oxidation of D-glucose by some members of   the Enterobacteriaceae.)
Cedecea   neteri BSL1* Aguilera   A et al. Postgrad Med J. 1995 Mar;71(833):179-80.(Bacteraemia with Cedecea   neteri in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.)
Centipeda   periodontii BSL1* Shenker   BJ et al. Infect Immun. 1987 Oct;55(10):2332-40 (nosuppressive effects of   Centipeda periodontii: selective cytotoxicity for lymphocytes and monocytes.)
Chryseobacterium   gleum BSL1* Subramaniam   S et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Apr;47(2):562-5. (Phylogenetic position   of Riemerella anatipestifer based on 16S rRNA gene sequences.)
Chryseobacterium   indologenes BSL1*
Chryseobacterium   scophthalmum BSL1 Bernardet   JF. Dev Biol Stand. 1997;90:179-88 (Immunization with bacterial antigens:   Flavobacterium and Flexibacter infections.)
Chryseomonas   luteola BSL1*
Chryseomonas   polytricha BSL1*
Citrobacter   amalonaticus BSL1* Manganello   S, et al. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2001 Jan;19(1):11-4.(Characterization   and distribution of Citrobacter species in a university hospital)
Citrobacter   braakii BSL1* Gupta   R, et al. South Med J. 2003 Aug;96(8):796-8. (Sepsis in a renal transplant   recipient due to Citrobacter braakii.)
Citrobacter   diversus BSL1*
Citrobacter   farmeri BSL1* Bruckner   DA, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1997   Dec;35(12):3353-4. (Citrobacter farmeri bacteremia in a child with   short-bowel syndrome.)
Citrobacter   freundii BSL1* Amenta   M, et al. (Intestinal protozoa in HIV-infected patients: effect of rifaximin   in Cryptosporidium parvum and Blastocystis hominis infections.)
Citrobacter   gillenii BSL1*
Citrobacter   koseri BSL1* Prais   D, et al. Scand J Infect Dis. 2003;35(3):202-4. (Citrobacter koseri   (diversus) meningitis in an otherwise healthy adolescent.)
Citrobacter   murliniae BSL1*
Citrobacter   sedlakii BSL1* Dyer   J, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1997 Oct;35(10):2686-8 (Citrobacter sedlakii   meningitis and brain abscess in a premature infant.)
Citrobacter   werkmanii BSL1* Manganello   S, et al. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2001 Jan;19(1):11-4.   (Characterization and distribution of Citrobacter species in a university   hospital)
Citrobacter   youngae BSL1* Manganello   S, et al. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2001 Jan;19(1):11-4.   (Characterization and distribution of Citrobacter species in a university   hospital)
Clostridium   baratii BSL1* Paisley   JW, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 Oct;14(10):912-4.(A second case of   infant botulism type F caused by Clostridium baratii.)
Clostridium   bifermentans BSL1*
Clostridium   cadaveris BSL1* Schade   RP et al. Scand J Infect Dis. 2006;38(1):59-62.(Clostridium cadaveris   bacteraemia: two cases and review.)
Clostridium   carnis BSL1  Wort AJ    et al. J Clin Pathol. 1976 Nov;29(11):1011-3. (Characteristics of a   strain of Clostridium carnis causing septicaemia in a young infant.)
Clostridium   clostridioforme BSL1* Borrega-Garcia   P, et al. Med Clin (Barc). 1994 Feb 26;102(7):279.(A retrorectal   paravertebral abscess and meningitis due to Clostridium clostridioforme)
Clostridium   disporicum BSL1 Woo   PC, et al. J Clin Pathol. 2005 Mar;58(3):301-7. (Clostridium bacteraemia   characterised by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing.)
Clostridium   fallax BSL1* Hausmann   R, et al. J Med Microbiol. 2004 Jun;53(Pt 6):581-3. (Clostridium fallax   associated with sudden death in a 16-year-old boy.)
Clostridium   ghonii BSL1* Cano   RJ, et al. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2000 Jul;112(3):297-309.(Sequence analysis of   bacterial DNA in the colon and stomach of the Tyrolean Iceman.)
Clostridium   glycolicum BSL1* Song   YL, et al. Anaerobe. 2004 Jun;10(3):179-84.(Clostridium bartlettii sp. nov.,   isolated from human faeces)
Clostridium   hastiforme BSL1* Lyon   DB, et al. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 1989;5(3):212-5. (Eyelid gas   gangrene)
Clostridium   indolis BSL1*
Clostridium   innocuum BSL1*
Clostridium   limosum BSL1* Kanauchi   O, et al. Curr Pharm Des. 2005;11(8):1047-53. (The beneficial effects of   microflora, especially obligate anaerobes, and their products on the colonic   environment in inflammatory bowel disease.)
Clostridium   malenominatum BSL1*
Clostridium   oroticum BSL1* Varel   VH, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995 Jul;45(3):490-4.(Clostridium   herbivorans sp. nov., a cellulolytic anaerobe from the pig intestine.)
Clostridium   paraperfringens BSL1*
Clostridium   paraputrificum BSL1* Nerad   JL, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 1996 Nov;23(5):1183-4.(Clostridium paraputrificum   bacteremia in a patient with AIDS and Duodenal Kaposi’s sarcoma.)
Clostridium   perenne BSL1*
Clostridium   putrificum BSL1* Tselukh   AV. Mikrobiol Zh. 1968 Mar-Apr;30(2):129-33. (Effect of Clostridium   putrificum vital activity products on hemolytic and lethal properties of   toxins of gas infection agents)
Clostridium   subterminale BSL1* Miyazaki   K, et al. Intern Med. 2003 Apr;42(4):374-5. (Clostridium subterminale   septicemia in a recipient of allogeneic cord blood transplantation.)
Clostridium   symbiosum BSL1* Elsayed   S, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2004 Sep;42(9):4390-2.(Bacteremia caused by   Clostridium symbiosum.)
Clostridium   tertium BSL1* Steyaert   S, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1999 Nov;37(11):3778-9. (Septicemia in   neutropenic patients infected with Clostridium tertium resistant to cefepime   and other expanded-spectrum cephalosporins.)
Collinsella   aerofaciens BSL1* Tyrrell   KL, et al. Anaerobe. 2003 Oct;9(5):243-6. (Anaerobic bacteria cultured from   the tongue dorsum of subjects with oral malodor.)
Comamonas   acidovorans BSL1*
Comamonas   aquatica BSL1*
Comamonas   kerstersii BSL1*
Comamonas   terrigena BSL1* Lai   FC, et al.  Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue   Bao. 2004 Mar;24(3):347-8. (Investigation of the bacteria in the seawater of   Xisha in the South China Sea and their antibiotic sensitivity profile)
Comamonas   testosteroni BSL1 Cooper   GR, et al. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2005 May-Jun;14(3):145-9. (Comamonas   (Pseudomonas) testosteroni endocarditis.)
Corynebacterium   accolens BSL1* Ciok-Pater   E, et al. Med Dosw Mikrobiol. 2005;57(1):19-28.(Comparison of the antibiotic   sensitivity of lipophilic Corynebacterium sp. isolated from patients on the   day of admission and during hospitalization)
Corynebacterium   afermentans BSL1*
Corynebacterium   afermentans  afermentans BSL1*
Corynebacterium   afermentans  lipophilum BSL1* Dykhuizen   RS, et al. Scand J Infect Dis. 1995;27(6):637-9.Corynebacterium afermentans subsp. lipophilum: multiple   abscess formation in brain and liver.
Corynebacterium   amycolatum BSL1* Riegel   P, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995 Jul;45(3):533-7.  (Corynebacterium argentoratense sp. nov.,   from the human throat.)
Corynebacterium   argentoratense BSL1*
Corynebacterium   auris BSL1* Holzmann   D, et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2002 Dec;21(12):1124-6.  (Turicella otitidis and Corynebacterium   auris do not cause otitis media with effusion in children.)
Corynebacterium   beticola BSL1* Nzeako   BC, et al. Br J Biomed Sci. 2006;63(2):55-8.(Nature of bacteria found on some   wards in Sultan Qaboos University Hospital, Oman.)
Corynebacterium   bovis BSL1*
Corynebacterium   confusum BSL1*
Corynebacterium   coyleae BSL1* Van   den Velde S, et al. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2006 Feb;54(2):99-104. Epub   2006 Jan 19.(Species identification of corynebacteria by cellular fatty acid   analysis.)
Corynebacterium   cystitidis BSL1* Rosenbaum   A, et al. Vet Rec. 2005 Nov 19;157(21):652-5.(Slaughterhouse survey of   pyelonephritis in dairy cows.)
Corynebacterium   equi BSL1*
Corynebacterium   falsenii BSL1*
Corynebacterium   freneyi BSL1*
Corynebacterium   glucuronolyticum BSL1*
Corynebacterium   hoagii BSL1* Santin   M, et al. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 1998;16 Suppl 1:61-6. (Other   infections (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Pseudomonas   aeruginosa, Salmonella spp., Campylobacter spp., Nocardia asteroides,   Rhodococcus equi and Bartonella spp.)])
Corynebacterium   imitans BSL1* Funke   G, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1997   Aug;35(8):1978-83. (Corynebacterium imitans sp. nov. isolated from patients   with suspected diphtheria.)
Corynebacterium   lipophiloflavum BSL1 Funke   G, et al. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 1997 May 15;150(2):219-24. (Corynebacterium   lipophiloflavum sp. nov. isolated from a patient with bacterial   vaginosis.)
Corynebacterium   macginleyi BSL1* Ferrer   C, et al.  J Cataract Refract Surg.   2004 Nov;30(11):2441-4. (Postoperative Corynebacterium macginleyi   endophthalmitis)
Corynebacterium   mastitidis BSL1 Fernandez-Garayzabal   JF, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1997 Oct;47(4):1082-5.(Corynebacterium   mastitidis sp. nov., isolated from milk of sheep with subclinical   mastitis.)
Corynebacterium   matruchotii BSL1* Saulez   MN, et al.  J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005   Jan 15;226(2):246-8, 220.(Encrusted cystitis secondary to Corynebacterium   matruchotii infection in a horse)
Corynebacterium   minutissimum BSL1* Van   Bosterhaut B, et al. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis. 1992   Jul;11(7):628-31.   (Three cases of   opportunistic infection caused by propionic acid producing Corynebacterium   minutissimum.)
Corynebacterium   mucifaciens BSL1*
Corynebacterium   mycetoides BSL1*
Corynebacterium   nigricans BSL1*
Corynebacterium   pilosum BSL1* Yeruham   I, et al. Vet J. 2006 Jan;171(1):172-6. Epub 2005 Nov 28. A herd level analysis of urinary tract infection in dairy   cattle.
Corynebacterium   poinsettiae BSL1 Babay   HA, et al. Saudi Med J. 2004 Aug;25(8):1073-9. (Isolation of coryneform   bacteria from blood cultures of patients at a University Hospital in Saudi   Arabia.)
Corynebacterium   resistens BSL1*
Corynebacterium   riegelii BSL1*
Corynebacterium   seminale BSL1*
Corynebacterium   striatum BSL1* Dall   L, et al. Postgrad Med J. 1989 Apr;65(762):247-8. (Septicaemia in a   granulocytopenic patient caused by Corynebacterium striatum.)
Corynebacterium   sundsvallense BSL1*
Corynebacterium   thomssenii BSL1*
Corynebacterium   tuberculostearicum BSL1*
Corynebacterium   urealyticum BSL1* Aracil   B, et al. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 1997 Mar;15(3):172-3. (Bacteremia   caused by Corynebacterium urealyticum in 2 patients co-infected with HIV and   HBV)
Corynebacterium   xerosis BSL1* Coyle   MB, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1993   Jul;31(7):1788-93. (Evidence of multiple taxa within commercially available   reference strains of Corynebacterium xerosis.)
Cupriavidus   pauculus BSL1*
Delftia   acidovorans BSL1*
Dermatophilus   chelonae BSL1 Wellehan   JF, et al. J Zoo Wildl Med. 2004 Dec;35(4):553-6. (Dermatophilus chelonae in   a king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah))
Dialister   invisus BSL1*
Dialister   pneumosintes BSL1* Rousee   JM, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 2002   Oct;40(10):3871-3. (Dialister pneumosintes associated with human brain   abscesses.)
Dichelobacter   nodosus BSL1* Wani   SA, et al. Vet J. 2006 May;171(3):421-8. Review.  (Current understanding of the aetiology and   laboratory diagnosis of footrot.)
Dolosigranulum   pigrum BSL1* Hall   GS, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2001 Mar;39(3):1202-3. (Case of synovitis   potentially caused by Dolosigranulum pigrum.)
Dysgonomonas   capnocytophagoides BSL1*
Edwardsiella   anguillimortifera BSL1*
Edwardsiella   ictaluri BSL1 Hou   H, et al. Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi. 1999 Sep;22(9):552-4.Forty-seven cases of lower   respiratory tract infections due to E. ictaluri
Edwardsiella   tarda BSL1*
Ehrlichia   ruminantium BSL1* Peter   TF. et al. Trends Parasitol. 2002 May;18(5):214-8. Review.  (Ehrlichia ruminantium infection   (heartwater) in wild animals.)
Eikenella   corrodens BSL1*
Elizabethkingia   meningoseptica BSL1*
Empedobacter   brevis BSL1* Janknecht   P, et al.  Graefes Arch Clin Exp   Ophthalmol. 2002 Apr;240(4):291-5. Epub 2002 Mar 12.(Outbreak of Empedobacter   brevis endophthalmitis after cataract extraction.)
Enterobacter   aerogenes BSL1*
Enterobacter   agglomerans BSL1*
Enterobacter   amnigenus BSL1* Capdevila   JA, et al.  Enferm Infecc Microbiol   Clin. 1998 Oct;16(8):364-6. (Enterobacter amnigenus. An unusual human   pathogen)
Enterobacter   asburiae BSL1* Brenner   DJ, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1986   Jun;23(6):1114-20. (Enterobacter asburiae sp. nov., a new species found in   clinical specimens, and reassignment of Erwinia dissolvens and Erwinia   nimipressuralis to the genus Enterobacter as Enterobacter dissolvens comb.   nov. and Enterobacter nimipressuralis comb. nov.)
Enterobacter   cancerogenus BSL1*
Enterobacter   cloacae BSL1*
Enterobacter   cloacae  cloacae BSL1*
Enterobacter   cloacae  dissolvens BSL1*
Enterobacter   cowanii BSL1*
Enterobacter   dissolvens BSL1*
Enterobacter   gergoviae BSL1* Ganeswire   R, et al. J Hosp Infect. 2003 Apr;53(4):292-6. (Nosocomial outbreak of   Enterobacter gergoviae bacteraemia in a neonatal intensive care unit.)
Enterobacter   hormaechei BSL1* da   Silva CL,  et al. Pediatr Infect Dis J.   2002 Feb;21(2):175-7.(Enterobacter hormaechei bloodstream infection at three   neonatal intensive care units in Brazil.)
Enterobacter   intermedius BSL1*
Enterobacter   kobei BSL1*
Enterobacter   taylorae BSL1*
Enterobacter   turicensis BSL1*
Enterococcus   casseliflavus BSL1 Perez-Pulido   R, et al. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006 Aug 7; [Epub ahead of print] (Safety and   potential risks of enterococci isolated from traditional fermented   capers.)
Enterococcus   dispar BSL1* Toledo   C, et al. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2004 Jan-Mar;36(1):31-5. (Isolation of   enterococci species causative of infections and sensitivity to antimicrobial   drugs)
Enterococcus   durans BSL1*
Enterococcus   faecalis BSL1*
Enterococcus   faecium BSL1*
Enterococcus   flavescens BSL1*
Enterococcus   gallinarum BSL1* Kolar   M,  et al. New Microbiol. 2006   Apr;29(2):121-5. (Prevalence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci in   hospitalized patients and those living in the community in the Czech   Republic.)
Enterococcus   hirae BSL1 Chadfield   MS, et al. Avian Dis. 2005 Mar;49(1):16-23. (Characterization of Enterococcus   hirae outbreaks in broiler flocks demonstrating increased mortality because   of septicemia and endocarditis and/or altered production parameters.)
Enterococcus   pseudoavium BSL1 Taneja   N, et al. Indian J Med Res. 2004 Feb;119(2):72-4.(Significance of vancomycin   resistant enterococci from urinary specimens at a tertiary care centre in   northern India.)
Enterococcus   raffinosus BSL1* Freyaldenhoven   BS, et al. J Infect. 2005 Oct;51(3):e121-4. Epub 2004 Nov 21. (Enterococcus   raffinosus infection in an immunosuppressed patient: case report and review   of the literature.)
Enterococcus   seriolicida BSL1*
Enterococcus   solitarius BSL1*
Eperythrozoon   ovis BSL1*
Eperythrozoon   parvum BSL1 Kataoka   S, et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 2006   Jan;44(1):51-5. (Association between preterm birth and vaginal colonization   by mycoplasmas in early pregnancy.)
Eperythrozoon   suis BSL1*
Eperythrozoon   wenyonii BSL1*
Escherichia   adecarboxylata BSL1*
Escherichia   fergusonii BSL1* Fegan   N,  et al. Curr Microbiol. 2006   Jun;52(6):482-6. Epub 2006 May 9. (Escherichia coli O157 somatic antigen is   present in an isolate of E. fergusonii)
Escherichia   hermannii BSL1* Dahl   KM, et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Nov 1;35(9):e96-8. Epub 2002 Oct 3.   (Escherichia hermannii infection of a cephalohematoma: case report, review of   the literature, and description of a novel invasive pathogen.)
Escherichia   vulneris BSL1* Levine   WN, et al. Orthop Rev. 1994 Mar;23(3):262-5. (Escherichia vulneris   osteomyelitis of the tibia caused by a wooden foreign body.)
Eubacterium   aerofaciens BSL1*
Eubacterium   alactolyticum BSL1*
Eubacterium   brachy BSL1* Hill   GB, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1987 Aug;25(8):1540-5. (Characteristics and   sites of infection of Eubacterium nodatum, Eubacterium timidum, Eubacterium   brachy, and other asaccharolytic eubacteria.)
Eubacterium   combesii BSL1*
Eubacterium   contortum BSL1* Severijnen   AJ, et al. Infect Immun. 1990 Feb;58(2):523-8.Chronic arthritis induced in rats by cell wall fragments of   Eubacterium species from the human intestinal flora.
Eubacterium   exiguum BSL1*
Eubacterium   fossor BSL1*
Eubacterium   infirmum BSL1* Fouad   AF,  et al. Oral Microbiol Immunol.   2003 Aug;18(4):249-55. (Molecular characterization of the presence of   Eubacterium spp and Streptococcus spp in endodontic infections.)
Eubacterium   lentum BSL1*
Eubacterium   limosum BSL1* Scand   J Infect Dis. 2002;34(12):941-3.    Sungkanuparph S, et al.    (Eubacterium bacteremia and colon cancer.)
Eubacterium   minutum BSL1*
Eubacterium   moniliforme BSL1* Schwiertz   A, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2000 Jan;66(1):375-82.Quantification of different Eubacterium spp. in human fecal   samples with species-specific 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes.
Eubacterium   nitritogenes BSL1* Greetham   HL, et al. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003 Jan;53(Pt 1):259-62. (Clostridium   colicanis sp. nov., from canine faeces.)
Eubacterium   nodatum BSL1* Hill   GB. Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Apr;79(4):534-8. (Eubacterium nodatum mimics   Actinomyces in intrauterine device-associated infections and other settings   within the female genital tract.)
Eubacterium   saphenum BSL1* Salam   MA, et al. Microbiol Immunol. 2001;45(1):29-37. (Intraperitoneal immune cell   responses to Eubacterium saphenum in mice.)
Eubacterium   sulci BSL1*
Eubacterium   tarantellae BSL1 Gomes   BP, et al. Int Endod J. 1996 Mar;29(2):69-75. (Associations of endodontic   symptoms and signs with particular combinations of specific bacteria)
Eubacterium   tardum BSL1*
Eubacterium   tenue BSL1* Lau   SK et al.  J Med Microbiol. 2004   Dec;53(Pt 12):1247-53. (Anaerobic, non-sporulating, Gram-positive bacilli   bacteraemia characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing.)
Eubacterium   timidum BSL1*
Eubacterium   tortuosum BSL1* Severijnen   AJ, et al. Infect Immun. 1990 Feb;58(2):523-8. (Chronic arthritis induced in   rats by cell wall fragments of Eubacterium species from the human intestinal   flora.)
Eubacterium   ventriosum BSL1*
Eubacterium   yurii BSL1*
Eubacterium   yurii  margaretiae BSL1* Kerosuo   E, et al. Scand J Dent Res. 1993 Oct;101(5):304-10. (Eubacterium yurii   subspecies margaretiae is resistant to nonopsonic phagocytic ingestion.)
Eubacterium   yurii  schtitka BSL1*
Eubacterium   yurii  yurii BSL1* Nakazawa   F, et al. J Gen Microbiol. 1993 Nov;139(11):2635-40.Immunological specificity of oral Eubacterium species.
Ewingella   americana BSL1* Da   Costa PS, et al. Braz J Infect Dis. 2000 Oct;4(5):262-7. (A case of   keratoconjunctivitis due to Ewingella americana and a review of unusual   organisms causing external eye infections.)
Facklamia   hominis BSL1* Healy   B, et al.  J Infect. 2005   May;50(4):353-5. (Facklamia hominis causing chorioamnionitis and puerperal   bacteraemia.)
Facklamia   ignava BSL1*
Facklamia   languida BSL1*
Faecalibacterium   prausnitzii BSL1* Bartosch   S, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2004 Jun;70(6):3575-81. (Characterization   of bacterial communities in feces from healthy elderly volunteers and   hospitalized elderly patients by using real-time PCR and effects of   antibiotic treatment on the fecal microbiota.)
Falcivibrio   grandis BSL1* Pereira   L, et al.  Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2005   Sep;193(3 Pt 1):746-51.(Variation in microbiologic profiles among pregnant   women with bacterial vaginosis.)
Falcivibrio   vaginalis BSL1* Hill   DA, et al. J Infect. 1998 Sep;37(2):194-6. Severe sepsis caused by Mobiluncus curtisii subsp. curtisii in   a previously healthy female: case report and review.
Filifactor   alocis BSL1* Gomes   BP, et al. J Endod. 2006 Oct;32(10):937-40. Epub 2006 Jul 26 (Molecular   Analysis of Filifactor alocis, Tannerella forsythia, and Treponema denticola   Associated With Primary Endodontic Infections and Failed Endodontic   Treatment)
Finegoldia   magna BSL1*
Flavimonas   oryzihabitans BSL1*
Flavobacterium   branchiophilum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   breve BSL1*
Flavobacterium   columnare BSL1 Decostere   A. Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg. 2002;64(6):421-30. (Flavobacterium columnare   infections in fish: the agent and its adhesion to the gill tissue.)
Flavobacterium   devorans BSL1*
Flavobacterium   gleum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   indologenes BSL1*
Flavobacterium   johnsoniae BSL1 Bernardet   JF.  Dev Biol Stand. 1997;90:179-88.   Review. Immunization with   bacterial antigens: Flavobacterium and Flexibacter infections.
Flavobacterium   meningosepticum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   mizutaii BSL1*
Flavobacterium   multivorum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   odoratum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   psychrophilum BSL1 Larsen   JL, et al. Dev Biol Stand. 1997;90:391-400 Vaccination strategies in freshwater salmonid aquaculture.
Flavobacterium   spiritivorum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   thalpophilum BSL1*
Flavobacterium   yabuuchiae BSL1*
Flectobacillus   marinus BSL1 Hastein   T, et al. Dev Biol (Basel). 2005;121:55-74. (Bacterial vaccines for fish–an   update of the current situation worldwide.)
Flexibacter   ovolyticus BSL1 Bernardet   JF. Dev Biol Stand. 1997;90:179-88. (Immunization with bacterial antigens:   Flavobacterium and Flexibacter infections.)
Fusobacterium   alocis BSL1*
Fusobacterium   gonidiaformans BSL1* Brook   I.  J Infect. 1994 Mar;28(2):155-65.   (Fusobacterial infections in children.)
Fusobacterium   mortiferum BSL1* Matsukawa   Y, et al. Intern Med. 2003 Feb;42(2):208-10. (Multibacterial sepsis in an   alcohol abuser with hepatic cirrhosis.)
Fusobacterium   naviforme BSL1* George   WL, et al. Rev Infect Dis. 1981 May-Jun;3(3):599-626. (Gram-negative   anaerobic bacilli: Their role in infection and patterns of susceptibility to   antimicrobial agents. II. Little-known Fusobacterium species and   miscellaneous genera.)
Fusobacterium   necrogenes BSL1*
Fusobacterium   necrophorum BSL1*
Fusobacterium   necrophorum  funduliforme BSL1*
Fusobacterium   nucleatum BSL1*
Fusobacterium   nucleatum  animalis BSL1* Okwumabua   O, et al. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1996 Feb;62(2):469-72. (Ribotyping to   differentiate Fusobacterium necrophorum subsp. necrophorum and F. necrophorum   subsp. funduliforme isolated from bovine ruminal contents and liver   abscesses.)
Fusobacterium   nucleatum  fusiforme BSL1* Lawson   PA, et al. Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1991 Jul;41(3):347-54. (Intrageneric   relationships of members of the genus Fusobacterium as determined by reverse   transcriptase sequencing of small-subunit rRNA.)
Fusobacterium   nucleatum  nucleatum BSL1*
Fusobacterium   nucleatum  polymorphum BSL1* Kononen   E, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1999 May;43(5):1270-3. (beta-lactamase   production and antimicrobial susceptibility of oral heterogeneous   Fusobacterium nucleatum populations in young children.)
Fusobacterium   nucleatum  vincentii BSL1* Debelian   GJ, et al.  Eur J Oral Sci. 1996   Oct-Dec;104(5-6):540-6.(Electrophoresis of whole-cell soluble proteins of   microorganisms isolated from bacteremias in endodontic therapy.)
Fusobacterium   periodonticum BSL1* Gmur   R, et al. Eur J Oral Sci. 2004 Feb;112(1):33-41.  (Gingival crevice microbiota from Chinese   patients with gingivitis or necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis.)
Fusobacterium   prausnitzii BSL1*
Fusobacterium   pseudonecrophorum BSL1*
Fusobacterium   russii BSL1* Goldstein   EJ, et al. Rev Infect Dis. 1984 Mar-Apr;6 Suppl 1:S177-83. (Role of anaerobic   bacteria in bite-wound infections.)
Fusobacterium   sulci BSL1*
Fusobacterium   ulcerans BSL1* Citron   DM. et al. Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Sep 1;35(Suppl 1):S22-7. (Update on the   taxonomy and clinical aspects of the genus fusobacterium.)
Fusobacterium   varium BSL1* Ohkusa   T,  et al. Scand J Gastroenterol. 2005   Nov;40(11):1334-42. (Effectiveness of antibiotic combination therapy in   patients with active ulcerative colitis: a randomized, controlled pilot trial   with long-term follow-up.)
Gardnerella   vaginalis BSL1*
Gemella   bergeri BSL1*
Gemella   haemolysans BSL1* Ritterband   D, et al. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002 Feb;133(2):268-9. (Gemella haemolysans   keratitis and consecutive endophthalmitis.)
Gemella   morbillorum BSL1* Terada   H, et al. Intern Med. 1994 Oct;33(10):628-31. (Infective endocarditis caused   by an indigenous bacterium (Gemella morbillorum).)
Gemella   sanguinis BSL1*
Globicatella   sanguinis BSL1*
Gordonia   aichiensis BSL1*
Gordonia   bronchialis BSL1*
Gordonia   sputi BSL1*
Granulicatella   adiacens BSL1*
Granulicatella   elegans BSL1*
Grimontia   hollisae BSL1*
Haemobartonella   canis BSL1*
Haemophilus   haemoglobinophilus BSL1*
Haemophilus   influenzae BSL1*
Haemophilus   paracuniculus BSL1 Targowski   S, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1979 Jan;9(1):33-7. (Characterization of a   Haemophilus paracuniculus isolated from gastrointestinal tracts of rabbits   with mucoid enteritis.)
Haemophilus   parahaemolyticus BSL1*
Haemophilus   parainfluenzae BSL1*
Haemophilus   paraphrohaemolyticus BSL1*
Haemophilus   paraphrophilus BSL1*
Haemophilus   piscium BSL1*
Haemophilus   vaginalis BSL1*
Hallella   seregens BSL1* Targowski   S, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 1979 Jan;9(1):33-7. (Characterization of a   Haemophilus paracuniculus isolated from gastrointestinal tracts of rabbits   with mucoid enteritis.)
Helcococcus   kunzii BSL1*
Helicobacter   bizzozeronii BSL1 Hanninen   ML, et al. J Med Microbiol. 1999 Apr;48(4):341-7. (Genetic diversity of   canine gastric helicobacters, Helicobacter bizzozeronii and H. salomonis   studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.)
Helicobacter   canadensis BSL1*
Helicobacter   canis BSL1*
Helicobacter   cholecystus BSL1 Zenner   L.  Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis.   1999 Jan;22(1):41-61. (Pathology, diagnosis and epidemiology of the rodent   Helicobacter infection.)
Helicobacter   cinaedi BSL1*
Helicobacter   fennelliae BSL1*
Helicobacter   mustelae BSL1 Patterson   MM, et al. Infect Immun. 2003 May;71(5):2350-5. (Failure of surface ring   mutant strains of Helicobacter mustelae to persistently infect the ferret   stomach)
Helicobacter   nemestrinae BSL1*
Helicobacter   pullorum BSL1*
Herbaspirillum   rubrisubalbicans BSL1 Baldani   JI,  et al.  An Acad Bras Cienc. 2005 Sep;77(3):549-79.   Epub 2005 Aug 24. (History on the biological nitrogen fixation research in   graminaceous plants: special emphasis on the Brazilian experience.)
Histophilus   somni BSL1
Ignavigranum   ruoffiae BSL1*
Johnsonella   ignava BSL1*
Kerstersia   gyiorum BSL1*
Kingella   denitrificans BSL1*
Kingella   indologenes BSL1*
Kingella   kingae BSL1*
Kingella   oralis BSL1*
Klebsiella   mobilis BSL1*
Klebsiella   ornithinolytica BSL1*
Klebsiella   pneumoniae  ozaenae BSL1*
Klebsiella   pneumoniae  rhinoscleromatis BSL1*
Klebsiella   rhinoscleromatis BSL1*
Klebsiella   variicola BSL1*
Kluyvera   ascorbata BSL1*
Kluyvera   cochleae BSL1*
Kluyvera   cryocrescens BSL1*
Kluyvera   intermedia BSL1*
Koserella   trabulsii BSL1*
Lactobacillus   catenaformis BSL1*
Lactobacillus   gasseri BSL1 Dickgiesser   U, et al. Infection. 1984 Jan-Feb;12(1):14-6. (Lactobacillus gasseri as the   cause of septic urinary infection.)
Lactobacillus   hayakitensis BSL1 Jensen   TK, et al. APMIS. 2006 Apr;114(4):255-64. (Lawsonia intracellularis infection   in the large intestines of pigs.)
Lactobacillus   minutus BSL1*
Lactobacillus   rimae BSL1*
Lactobacillus   uli BSL1*
Lactococcus   garvieae BSL1*
Leptospira   borgpetersenii BSL1*
Leptospira   fainei BSL1*
Leptospira   inadai BSL1*
Leptospira   kirschneri BSL1*
Leptospira   noguchii BSL1*
Leptospira   santarosai BSL1*
Leptospira   weilii BSL1*
Levinea   amalonatica BSL1*
Levinea   malonatica BSL1*
Listonella   anguillarum BSL1 Hastein   T, et al. Dev Biol (Basel). 2005;121:55-74. (Bacterial vaccines for fish–an   update of the current situation worldwide.)
Listonella   damsela BSL1*
Listonella   damselae BSL1*
Mannheimia   haemolytica BSL1*
Megasphaera   elsdenii BSL1*
Melissococcus   plutonius BSL1
Microbacterium   resistens BSL1*
Mitsuokella   multacida BSL1*
Mobiluncus   curtisii BSL1*
Mobiluncus   curtisii  curtisii BSL1*
Mobiluncus   curtisii  holmesii BSL1*
Mobiluncus   mulieris BSL1*
Moellerella   wisconsensis BSL1*
Mogibacterium   neglectum BSL1*
Mogibacterium   pumilum BSL1*
Mogibacterium   timidum BSL1*
Mogibacterium   vescum BSL1*
Moraxella   (Moraxella) lacunata BSL1*
Moraxella   (Moraxella) nonliquefaciens BSL1*
Moraxella   (Moraxella) osloensis BSL1*
Moraxella   (Moraxella) phenylpyruvica BSL1*
Moraxella   atlantae BSL1*
Moraxella   equi BSL1 Renshaw   HW, et al. Am J Vet Res. 1979 Aug;40(8):1110-4. (Visceral caseous   lymphadenitis in thin ewe syndrome: isolation of Corynebacterium,   Staphylococcus, and Moraxella spp from internal abscesses in emaciated ewes)
Moraxella   lacunata BSL1*
Moraxella   nonliquefaciens BSL1*
Moraxella   osloensis BSL1*
Moraxella   phenylpyruvica BSL1*
Morganella   morganii BSL1*
Morganella   morganii  morganii BSL1*
Morganella   morganii  sibonii BSL1*
Mycobacterium   boenickei BSL1*
Mycobacterium   brisbanense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   canariasense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   chimaera BSL1*
Mycobacterium   conspicuum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   goodii BSL1*
Mycobacterium   heckeshornense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   heidelbergense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   houstonense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   immunogenum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   interjectum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   intermedium BSL1*
Mycobacterium   kubicae BSL1*
Mycobacterium   lentiflavum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   neworleansense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   novocastrense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   palustre BSL1*
Mycobacterium   parascrofulaceum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   saskatchewanense BSL1*
Mycobacterium   septicum BSL1*
Mycobacterium   shimoidei BSL1*
Mycobacterium   smegmatis BSL1*
Mycobacterium   triplex BSL1*
Mycobacterium   wolinskyi BSL1*
Mycoplasma   bovigenitalium BSL1
Mycoplasma   canadense BSL1
Mycoplasma   canis BSL1
Mycoplasma   caviae BSL1*
Mycoplasma   conjunctivae BSL1
Mycoplasma   cynos BSL1
Mycoplasma   dispar BSL1
Mycoplasma   flocculare BSL1
Mycoplasma   haemocanis BSL1 Kemming   GI, et a. Comp Med. 2004 Aug;54(4):404-9. (Mycoplasma haemocanis infection–a   kennel disease?)
Mycoplasma   haemofelis BSL1 Tasker   S, et al. Vet Microbiol. 2006 Oct 31;117(2-4):169-79. Epub 2006 Jul 28.   (Effect of chronic FIV infection, and efficacy of marbofloxacin treatment, on   Mycoplasma haemofelis infection)
Mycoplasma   haemomuris BSL1 Willi   B, et al. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Jun;43(6):2581-5. (Identification, molecular   characterization, and experimental transmission of a new hemoplasma isolate   from a cat with hemolytic anemia in Switzerland.)
Mycoplasma   haemosuis BSL1*
Mycoplasma   hyorhinis BSL1
Mycoplasma   hyosynoviae BSL1
Mycoplasma   orale BSL1 Paessler   M, et al. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 2002 Oct;44(2):201-4. (Disseminated   Mycoplasma orale infection in a patient with common variable immunodeficiency   syndrome.)
Mycoplasma   penetrans BSL1*
Mycoplasma   primatum BSL1 Taylor-Robinson   D, et al. Isr J Med Sci. 1981 Jul;17(7):524-30. (Urogenital mycoplasma   infections of man: a review with observations on a recently discovered   mycoplasma.)
Mycoplasma   salivarium BSL1*
Mycoplasma   suis BSL1 Hoelzle   LE, et al. Clin Vaccine Immunol. 2006 Jan;13(1):116-22. (Mycoplasma suis   antigens recognized during humoral immune response in experimentally infected   pigs.)
Mycoplasma   wenyonii BSL1
Myroides   odoratimimus BSL1*
Myroides   odoratus BSL1*
Neisseria   elongata  nitroreducens BSL1*
Neisseria   flavescens BSL1*
Neisseria   lactamica BSL1*
Neisseria   mucosa BSL1*
Neisseria   subflava BSL1*
Neisseria   weaveri BSL1*
Nocardia   africana BSL1*
Nocardia   asiatica BSL1*
Nocardia   pseudobrasiliensis BSL1*
Nocardia   restricta BSL1*
Nocardia   transvalensis BSL1*
Nocardia   veterana BSL1*
Nocardia   yamanashiensis BSL1*
Nocardiopsis   alborubida BSL1*
Nocardiopsis   antarctica BSL1*
Nocardiopsis   dassonvillei BSL1*
Nocardiopsis   dassonvillei  albirubida BSL1*
Nocardiopsis   dassonvillei  dassonvillei BSL1*
Ochrobactrum   intermedium BSL1*
Olsenella   profusa BSL1*
Olsenella   uli BSL1*
Oribaculum   catoniae BSL1*
Ornithobacterium   rhinotracheale BSL1 van   Veen L, et al. Avian Dis. 2000 Oct-Dec;44(4):896-900. (Ornithobacterium   rhinotracheale, a primary pathogen in broilers.)
Paenibacillus   larvae  larvae BSL1   
Pandoraea   apista BSL1*
Pandoraea   pnomenusa BSL1*
Pandoraea   pulmonicola BSL1*
Pandoraea   sputorum BSL1*
Pantoea   agglomerans BSL1*
Parabacteroides   distasonis BSL1*
Paracoccus   yeei BSL1*
Pasteurella   bettyae BSL1*
Pasteurella   canis BSL1*
Pasteurella   dagmatis BSL1*
Pasteurella   haemolytica BSL1*
Pasteurella   mairii BSL1 Drabick   JJ, et al. Chest. 1993 Jan;103(1):7-11. (Pasteurella multocida pneumonia in a   man with AIDS and nontraumatic feline exposure.)
Pasteurella   stomatis BSL1*
Peptococcus   asaccharolyticus BSL1*
Peptococcus   magnus BSL1*
Peptococcus   niger BSL1*
Peptococcus   prevotii BSL1*
Peptococcus   saccharolyticus BSL1*
Peptoniphilus   asaccharolyticus BSL1*
Peptoniphilus   harei BSL1*
Peptoniphilus   ivorii BSL1*
Peptoniphilus   lacrimalis BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   anaerobius BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   asaccharolyticus BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   harei BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   ivorii BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   lacrimalis BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   magnus BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   parvulus BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   prevotii BSL1*
Peptostreptococcus   vaginalis BSL1*
Photobacterium   histaminum BSL1*
Photorhabdus   asymbiotica BSL1*
Photorhabdus   asymbiotica  asymbiotica BSL1*
Photorhabdus   asymbiotica  australis BSL1*
Piscirickettsia   salmonis BSL1 Arkush   KD, et al. Dis Aquat Organ. 2005 Feb 28;63(2-3):139-49. (Genetic   characterization and experimental pathogenesis of Piscirickettsia salmonis   isolated from white seabass Atractoscion nobilis.)
Porphyromonas   asaccharolytica BSL1*
Porphyromonas   cansulci BSL1 Allaker   RP, et al.  J Vet Dent. 1997   Dec;14(4):127-30. (Dental plaque flora of the dog with reference to   fastidious and anaerobic bacteria associated with bites.)
Porphyromonas   catoniae BSL1*
Porphyromonas   crevioricanis BSL1 Allaker   RP, et al. J Vet Dent. 1997 Dec;14(4):127-30. (Dental plaque flora of the dog   with reference to fastidious and anaerobic bacteria associated with   bites.)
Porphyromonas   gingivalis BSL1*
Porphyromonas   levii BSL1*
Porphyromonas   macacae BSL1 Goldstein   EJ, et al. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 May;42(5):1127-32. (Activities   of HMR 3004 (RU 64004) and HMR 3647 (RU 66647) compared to those of   erythromycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, and eight other   antimicrobial agents against unusual aerobic and anaerobic human and animal   bite pathogens isolated from skin and soft tissue infections in   humans.)
Prevotella   albensis BSL1*
Prevotella   bivia BSL1*
Prevotella   brevis BSL1*
Prevotella   bryantii BSL1*
Prevotella   buccae BSL1*
Prevotella   buccalis BSL1*
Prevotella   corporis BSL1*
Prevotella   denticola BSL1*
Prevotella   disiens BSL1*
Prevotella   intermedia BSL1*
Prevotella   loescheii BSL1*
Prevotella   melaninogenica BSL1*
Prevotella   nigrescens BSL1*
Prevotella   oralis BSL1*
Prevotella   oris BSL1*
Prevotella   pallens BSL1*
Prevotella   ruminicola BSL1*
Prevotella   ruminicola  brevis BSL1*
Prevotella   tannerae BSL1*
Propionibacterium   acnes BSL1*
Propionibacterium   avidum BSL1*
Propionibacterium   granulosum BSL1*
Propionibacterium   lymphophilum BSL1*
Propionibacterium   propionicum BSL1*
Propionimicrobium   lymphophilum BSL1*
Proteus   hauseri BSL1*
Proteus   inconstans BSL1*
Proteus   morganii BSL1*
Proteus   rettgeri BSL1*
Providencia   alcalifaciens BSL1*
Providencia   friedericiana BSL1*
Providencia   rettgeri BSL1*
Providencia   rustigianii BSL1*
Providencia   stuartii BSL1*
Pseudomonas   acidovorans BSL1*
Pseudomonas   alcaligenes BSL1*
Pseudomonas   cocovenenans BSL1*
Pseudomonas   diminuta BSL1*
Pseudomonas   fluorescens BSL1*
Pseudomonas   luteola BSL1*
Pseudomonas   maltophilia BSL1*
Pseudomonas   mendocina BSL1*
Pseudomonas   oryzihabitans BSL1*
Pseudomonas   paucimobilis BSL1*
Pseudoramibacter   alactolyticus BSL1*
Psychrobacter   phenylpyruvicus BSL1*
Ralstonia   mannitolilytica BSL1*
Ralstonia   paucula BSL1* VANDAMME   (P.),  et al.: Assignment of Centers   for Disease Control group IVc-2 to the genus Ralstonia as Ralstonia paucula   sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1999, 49, 663-669.
Ralstonia   pickettii BSL1*
Ralstonia   solanacearum BSL1*
Raoultella   ornithinolytica BSL1*
Rhodococcus   aichiensis BSL1*
Rhodococcus   bronchialis BSL1*
Rhodococcus   chubuensis BSL1*
Rhodococcus   gordoniae BSL1*
Rhodococcus   obuensis BSL1*
Rhodococcus   sputi BSL1*
Rickettsia   honei BSL1*
Rickettsia   slovaca BSL1*
Salmonella   enterica  enterica BSL1*   
Salmonella   enterica  enterica BSL1* 
Staphylococcus   capitis  capitis BSL1*
Staphylococcus   capitis  urealyticus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   caprae BSL1*
Staphylococcus   chromogenes BSL1*
Staphylococcus   cohnii  cohnii BSL1*
Staphylococcus   delphini BSL1*
Staphylococcus   haemolyticus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   hominis  hominis BSL1*
Staphylococcus   intermedius BSL1* Macey   MG, et al.  Infect Immun. 2001   Oct;69(10):6102-9. (Effect on polymorphonuclear cell function of a   human-specific cytotoxin, intermedilysin, expressed by Streptococcus   intermedius)
Staphylococcus   kloosii BSL1*
Staphylococcus   lentus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   lugdunensis BSL1*
Staphylococcus   saccharolyticus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   saprophyticus  saprophyticus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   schleiferi  coagulans BSL1*
Staphylococcus   schleiferi  schleiferi BSL1*
Staphylococcus   sciuri  lentus BSL1*
Staphylococcus   sciuri  sciuri BSL1*
Staphylococcus   simiae BSL1*
Staphylococcus   simulans BSL1*
Staphylococcus   warneri BSL1* Announ   N, et al.  Joint Bone Spine. 2004   May;71(3):240-2. (Multifocal discitis caused by Staphylococcus   warneri.)
Staphylococcus   xylosus BSL1* Thornton   VB, et al. Contemp Top Lab Anim Sci. 2003 Jul;42(4):49-52. (Inoculation of   Staphylococcus xylosus in SJL/J mice to determine pathogenicity.)
Stenotrophomonas   maltophilia BSL1*
Stomatococcus   mucilaginosus BSL1*
Streptococcus   adjacens BSL1*
Streptococcus   casseliflavus BSL1*
Streptococcus   cremoris BSL1*
Streptococcus   cristatus BSL1*
Streptococcus   defectivus BSL1*
Streptococcus   difficilis BSL1*
Streptococcus   downei BSL1*
Streptococcus   durans BSL1*
Streptococcus   equinus BSL1*
Streptococcus   gallinarum BSL1*
Streptococcus   gordonii BSL1* Skopek   RJ, et al. Oral Microbiol Immunol. 1993 Feb;8(1):16-23. (Dental plaque   development on defined streptococcal surfaces.)
Streptococcus   oralis BSL1*
Streptococcus   parauberis BSL1*
Streptococcus   parvulus BSL1*
Streptococcus   vestibularis BSL1*
Ureaplasma   diversum BSL1
Veillonella   alcalescens  alcalescens BSL1*
Veillonella   parvula  parvula BSL1* Fisher   RG,  et al.  J Clin Microbiol. 1996 Dec;34(12):3235-6.   (Veillonella parvula bacteremia without an underlying source.)
Yersinia   kristensenii BSL1*
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GMGC Activity for GTC Collection

Well come to Gifu University School of Medicine, Pathogenic Microorganism Genetic Resource Stock Center(GMGC) home page!:GTC Collection

GMGC is a Data Base for Pathogenic Microorganism Genetic Resource Stock Center .GMGC started collection of human pathogen as GTC  since 1951. This activities is supported by  Japanese government,  Ministory of Education, Science, Culture and Sport under the name of  National Bioresorce Project(NBRP).Unique feature of GMGC is  collections of human opportunistic pathogens. Not only BSL4, 3, and 2 but  also opportunitic BSL1 collections( as BSL1*).  Numbers of BSL1*  are expanding every years because of change of life style of modern people and medical care to save patients with  immunological problems, patients under cancer theray, or transplantation treatment.  We cannot monitor  all expanding human opportunistic pathogens. So we decided to collect information through scientific community in the world.

When a microbiologist or clinican  find a new  BSL1* pathogen ,which is not listed in our database (GMGC) , we are pleased to receive  e-mail information or comment to our page.We collect following   information before we newly register to our database : Sorce of isolate, Underlying disease, age of patient, and sex, Method of identification, published paper or report.  if avaiable, sequencing data for identification, TOFF-MASS information, or PCR detection.


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